Physical Therapy and Treatment Planning

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Physical therapy is one of the emerging allied health professions, which, by means of evidence-based practice, exercise prescription, knowledge, mobilization, and skill observation, facilitates back pain relief for patients. This is a holistic health profession that involves prevention, management, maintenance, and rehabilitation of normal range of motion and mobility and the use of therapeutic exercise to improve function. It is an approved area of specialization in the medical field requiring formal training and practice. This profession can be subdivided into specialized areas such as orthopedic, geriatric, neurological, cardiovascular, pulmonary, pediatric, sports medicine, and pediatric physical therapy.

Physical therapists are health care professionals who utilize their knowledge, skill, and experience to treat disorders of the musculoskeletal system, including injuries, structural damage, aging, disease, or abnormalities. A physical therapist diagnoses, examines, and helps manage disorders of the musculoskeletal system by applying techniques such as strength training, stretching, and functional training. The goal of physical therapy is to achieve maximum return on investment while providing a person with improved ability to perform activities of daily living. The therapist may apply techniques to restore normal motion and function and to prevent disability from returning after an injury or surgery.

To provide patients with maximum benefit, physical therapy should address the whole patient through a complete range of motion, to work on their motor skills and physical function. In order to help improve the quality of life, physical therapists use techniques such as stretches and exercises, and muscle conditioning. They also may provide patients with instruction on using hand-held devices to increase muscular strength. The physical therapist may use diagnostic testing to determine underlying conditions and recommend treatment options. Click for more info about the services offered by this physical therapy expert.

Physical therapy treatments may take several forms, ranging from education about appropriate exercise and the importance of correct technique to specific exercises for particular conditions or to prepare patients for future treatment. A treatment plan may include ultrasound, electrotherapy, electrical stimulation, heat or cold packs, weight-bearing exercises, balance and joint exercises, or any other modalities that improve the condition or prevent further injury. Exercises are performed one-on-one by a physical therapist, or at a clinic, hospital, or home. Treatment plans may include short-term and long-term sessions, depending on the cause of symptoms or progress.

A combination of at-home exercises and therapeutic treatments is usually used in the early stages of a condition or injury. A combination of stretching and light strength-training exercises is usually recommended to patients with mild to moderate PT, and a combination of these treatments can be very helpful. Often, a physical therapist will begin with a modified stretching exercise regime, which can include frequent static stretching over the course of a week, combined with anaerobic endurance exercises for the legs. After a few weeks of this at-home exercises, the PT will continue to perform light strength-training exercises at home. After a couple of months of PT, patients usually progress to longer duration, higher intensity exercises, and will continue to use the PT equipment at home as part of their regular at-home exercises routine. You can now hire ideal physical therapy services at

Patients benefit from a combination of physical therapy and at-home exercises, but it's not necessary to combine them all at once. Some people may feel better with just a little physical therapy, while others may need more. As your situation progresses, it's important to discuss your goals with your PT, so that he or she can best recommend a treatment plan that's right for you. Your physical therapy treatment plan will be a living document that details how you're progressing, how you feel and what your PT is doing to help you. Keeping a treatment plan should be an integral part of your recovery, as it ensures that you're getting the most out of your PT efforts and that you're maximizing your functional mobility.

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